Urinary symptoms

Prostate cancer shares many similar symptoms with benign diseases of the prostate. The earliest prostate cancer symptoms are often urinary. Warning signs can include:

  • frequent urination
  • urination that burns
  • difficulty with starting urine flow
  • weak flow, or “dribbling”
  • blood in the urine

Many of these symptoms can be indicative of noncancerous diseases of the prostate, a gland located near the bladder in men. These include an enlarged prostate, also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and prostatitis, which is an inflamed prostate gland, usually due to infection.

Unlike prostate cancer, BPH and prostatitis usually don’t cause bloody urine. If you see blood in your urine, call your doctor for an evaluation right away

Sexual dysfunction

The prostate gland plays a key role in the male reproductive system, so it’s not surprising that prostate cancer can cause sexual dysfunction. Men may have problems getting or maintaining an erection, or experience painful ejaculation. Some men with early prostate cancer experience no symptoms.

Because of changes in hormone levels, sexual dysfunction becomes more common with age. Still, you shouldn’t brush off erectile dysfunction or other symptoms as a result of aging. Tests can help determine whether your symptoms are cancerous or not.

Frequent pain

Once prostate cancer spreads, it can cause pain in and around the area of the prostate gland. Men with the disease can also experience pain in other areas:

  • hips
  • lower back
  • pelvis
  • upper thighs

Pain is also likely to occur in multiple areas. For example, you might experience painful urination in conjunction with pelvic pain. Any ongoing, or chronic, pain should be assessed by a doctor to rule out serious health problems.

When to see a doctor

It’s a good idea to call your doctor if you experience symptoms of prostate cancer, even if they’re mild. As a rule of thumb, the National Cancer InstituteTrusted Source recommends that men who are in their 30s or 40s see a doctor immediately if they experience any prostate cancer symptoms. While these symptoms don’t necessarily indicate prostate cancer, noncancerous prostate problems usually occur in men after the age of 50.

Symptoms like bloody discharge or extreme pain may warrant an immediate cancer screening.

Getting regular cancer screenings is also important, particularly if there’s a history of the disease in your family. Men with brothers or fathers with prostate cancer are up to three timesTrusted Source more likely to develop the disease. Your risk may also be greater if breast cancer runs in your family. Sharing this information with your doctor can help you get timely testing done should any suspicious symptoms arise.


The majority of prostate cancer cases continue to be diagnosed during routine checkups. This can lead to a late diagnosis, in which the cancer has already progressed to a more advanced stage. Like many forms of cancer, the earlier prostate cancer is detected, the better the outlook.

It’s possible to have prostate cancer, BPH, and prostatitis at the same time. Still, this doesn’t mean having a noncancerous prostate disease increases your risk for developing prostate cancer.

The best way to protect yourself is to pay attention to your symptoms earlier rather than later. Being proactive can lead to earlier treatment and a better outlook.

How to Improve Prostate Health

Making Dietary Changes

Eat whole grains and more fruits and vegetables. Choose whole-grain bread and pasta over white bread and pasta. Make sure to get at least five servings of fruits and vegetables every single day. Include produce high in lycopene, a powerful antioxidant, such as red peppers and tomatoes. Lycopene is what makes fruit and vegetables red, and has been proven as a cancer-fighting ingredient. In general, the deeper and brighter the color of your produce, the better.[3]

Be more selective in your consumption of protein. Cut back on how much red meat you eat, including beef, pork, lamb and goat. It’s also a good idea to limit your consumption of processed meats, like sandwich meat and hot dogs

Increase the amount of soy in your diet. The properties of soy, which is found in many vegetarian dishes, fight cancer. Sources of soy include tofu, soy nuts, soy flour and soy powders. Swapping cow’s milk for soy milk in your cereal or coffee is one way to get more soy into your diet

  • Note that recent research has found soy beans and some other specific products, such as tofu, to be preventive in prostate cancer. However, this cannot be extrapolated to all soy products, including milk. There are also no current anecdotal or evidence-based guidelines on the amount of soy you should try to incorporate into your diet.

Limit your alcohol, caffeine, and sugar intake. Though you don’t need to entirely cut out caffeine from your diet, try to limit how much you ingest. For example, limit yourself to one to two 4-ounce cups of coffee per day. The same goes for alcohol; try to view it as a treat and stick to a couple of small glasses a week.

  • Avoid sugary (sometimes also caffeinated) drinks like sodas and fruit juices. These have nearly zero nutritional benefit.

Limit your salt intake.
 The best way to cut back on how much sodium you consume is to eat fresh produce, dairy, and meats and avoid packaged, canned, and frozen foods. Salt is often used as a preservative and is thus present in large amounts in pre-packaged foods.

Keep good fats and get rid of bad fats.
 Limit your consumption of saturated fats from animal and dairy products and instead switch to healthy fats, like olive oil, nuts, and avocados. Animal products high in fat, such as meat, butter, and lard, have been associated with an increase risk of prostate cancer

This blogpost is courtesy of Healthline.com & wikihow.com (Links below):



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